Variation in patterns of superficial vein of cubital fossa

Sushil Jiwane, Vivekannad Gajbhiye, Rekha Jiwane


Aim: To determine anatomical variations of superficial veins of cubital fossa. Background: The cubital fossa Veins lie superficially in the subcutaneous tissue and not paired with any artery, they are easy to view and access. The superficial veins include the cephalic, basilic, median cubital, and antebrachial veins and their tributaries. The knowledge of superficial venous distribution of the cubital fossa is important, not only from an anatomical-clinical and surgical point of view, but also anthropologically and biologically. Materials and Methods: The study done on120 males and 30 females were randomly selected from among the rural area of central India which also include the students and staff members of J.N.M. College Sawangi Wardha (M.S.) 150 cases of right upper limbs and 150 cases of left upper limbs. After taking the subject's consent, the superficial veins of the cubital fossa were made prominent by using tourniquet. The patterns of cubital veins were marked on skin and photograph are taken. Results: the patterns of arrangement of superficial cubital vein observed are as follow. Type I –MCoVjoining with the CV and BV in 51%., type II CV bifurcating into MBV and MCV which join BV and ACV respectively, Type III-MVF bifurcating in MBV and MCV 9.66%., Type IV- 7.66% subjects of present study the CV terminates in to BV and ACV runs separately, In Type V- 3% of subjects the CV communicating directly with BV and ACV was absent and Type VI –A large single CV ascending upwards without any communication with other veins. 3 of 300 subjects i.e. 1%. Conclusion: Numerous studies in different races and ethnic groups have shown similarities and differences in the deposition of the superficial veins of the cubital fossa. Various procedure should be perform with caution bearing in mind the anatomical variation present in these region.

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