Social determinants of cardiovascular disease and community based surveillance

M. Shins, Mohammed Basheer A, Anil Babu A

Abstract


Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of death worldwide.CVD accounts for 17.3 million deaths globally each year and this figure is expected to grow year by year. Therefore surveillance is must for preventing and minimizing CVD. When implementing the interventions, we should also take in account of the social determinants related on CVD and also the traditional risk factors.

Full Text:

PDF HTML

References


Kaplan GA, Keil JE. Socioeconomic factors and cardiovascular disease: a review of the literature. Circulation. 1993;88:1973-1998.

Winkleby MA, Fortmann SP, Barrett DC. Social class disparities in risk factors for disease: eight-year prevalence patterns by level of education. Preventive medicine. 1990 Jan 1;19(1):1-2.

Brownson RC, Smith CA, Pratt M, Mack NE, Jackson-Thompson J, Dean CG, Dabney S, Wilkerson JC. Preventing cardiovascular disease through community-based risk reduction: the Bootheel Heart Health Project. American Journal of Public Health. 1996 Feb;86(2): 206-13.

Martiniuk AL, Lee CM, Lawes CM, Ueshima H, Suh L, Lam TH, Gu D, Feigin V, Jamrozik K, Ohkubo T, et al: Hypertension: its prevalence and population – attributable fraction for mortality from cardiovascular disease in the Asia-Pacific region. J Hypertens 2007, 25:1;73-79.

Gu D, Gupta A, Muntner P, Hu S, Duan X, Chen J, Reynolds RF, Whelton PK, He J. Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factor clustering among the adult population of China. Circulation. 2005 Aug 2;112 (5):658-65.

Nguyen QN, Pham ST, Do LD, Nguyen VL, Wall S, Weinehall L, Bonita R, Byass P. Cardiovascular disease risk factor patterns and their implications for intervention strategies in Vietnam. International journal of hypertension. 2012 Mar 4; 2012.

Kreatsoulas C, Anand SS. The impact of social determinants on cardiovascular disease. Canadian Journal of Cardiology. 2010 Aug 1;26:8C-13C.

Moran A, Forouzanfar M, Sampson U, Chugh S, Feigin V, Mensah G. The epidemiology of cardiovascular diseases in sub-Saharan Africa: the global burden of diseases, injuries and risk factors 2010 study. Progress in cardiovascular diseases. 2013 Dec 31;56(3):234-9.

Krishnan MN. Coronary heart disease and risk factors in India–On the brink of an epidemic?. indian heart journal. 2012 Jul;64(4):364.

McKeigue PM, Ferrie JE, Pierpoint T, Marmot MG. Association of early-onset coronary heart disease in South Asian men with glucose intolerance and hyperinsulinemia. Circulation. 1993 Jan 1;87(1):152-61.

McKeigue PM, Ferrie JE, Pierpoint T, Marmot MG, Janati A, Matlabi H, et al. Health Promotion Perspectives 2011; 1(2):1-105.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih. gov/pmc/ articles/PMC3963620/pdf/hpp-1-105.pdf.

Adam LJ, Alvarez M, Carlos J, Rodriguez. Ethnic Minorities and Coronary Heart Disease: an Update and Future Directions. HHS Public Access 2016; (): https:// www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/ PMC4828242/pdf/ nihms762439.pdf.

Detels R, Gulliford M, AbdoolKQ, and ChorhChuan Tan. Epidemiology and prevention of cardiovascular disease. http://oxfordmedicine.com/view/10.1093/ med/ 9780199661756.001.0001/med-9780199661756-chapter-201.

Cosselman KE, Navas-Acien A, Kaufman JD. Environmental factors in cardiovascular disease. Nature cardiology 2015; http://dx.doi. org/10.1038/ nrcardio. 2015.152

Leigh JA, Alvarez M, Rodriguez CJ. Ethnic minorities and coronary heart disease: an update and future directions. Current atherosclerosis reports. 2016 Feb 1;18(2):9.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.