A clinical study of nutritional status under 5 years of age in correlation with iron deficiency Anemia

Sandeep Bhaskar, Harisha Gopal, Susheela C

Abstract


Introduction: Malnutrition is by far the biggest contributor to child mortality, present in half of all the cases globally. Malnutrition is more common in India than in Sub-Saharan Africa. One in every three malnourished children in the world lives in India. The nutritional status of an individual is often the result of many interrelated factors. Objectives: To identify the nutritional status under 1-5 years of age. To assess the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia in children under 1-5 years of age. Method: The present study is a cross-sectional study conducted in Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre and Hospital in Bangalore. During the study period about 130 children were enrolled who fulfils the inclusion criteria and those who admitted in Paediatric ward. This study was taken up with the purpose of assessment of nutritional status and the relationship of nutritional status with iron deficiency anemia in children under 5 years of age. Results: According to IAP grading of malnutrition, 12.4% and 28.5% children were belonged to grade IV and III, 36.9% and 22.3% of children belonged to grade I and II malnutrition. According to this study, malnutrition was more prevalent in female children. The prevalence of severe and moderate, wasting was 40% and 26.9%, stunting 8.5% and 15.4%, MUAC 11.5% and 25.4%. Prevalence of severe and moderate thinness of children according to body mass index was 46.9% and 36.9% respectively. The prevalence of iron deficiency anemia in malnourished children was 48.5% and it was also found that 11.5% of children were severely anemic and 30.8% of children were moderately anemic. Conclusion: Malnutrition is a significant problem under 5 years of age which can be reduced with proper education, growth monitoring and good nutrition.

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