Microbiological profile in community acquired pneumonia in childrenaa

Ghan Shyam Chaudhary, Sushil Kumar, Aradhana Kankane, Sapna Gupta


Introduction: Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) refers to an infection of the lung by a variety of micro-organisms acquired outside the hospital setting. Methods and Material: It was prospective study conducted at department of Pediatrics of a tertiary care hospital of North India for a period of 12 months on children with community acquired pneumonia admitted in ward and emergency. Total 50 cases were enrolled in the study as recent WHO guidelines of community acquired pneumonia.Samples oforopharyngeal swab and blood for culture and sensitivity were collected with standard precautions from every child and sent for bacteriological lab within 30 minute of collection. Results: Out of 50 cases 36 (72%) were diagnosed as pneumonia and 14 (28%) were as severe pneumonia. On blood culture only 7 (14%) had positive growth and on oropharyngeal swab culture 9 (18%) had growth. Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumonia were predominant organism on blood culture and oropharyngeal swab culture respectively. Conclusion: The overall rate of identification of bacterial etiology of CAP was low. Streptococcus pneumonae and Staphylococcus aureus predominate in oropharyngeal swab culture and blood culture respectively.

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