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Growth, neuromotor, neurosensory and psychomotor development in babies receiving Kangaroo Mother Care- A cohort 1 year follow up study

Ashish Satpathy, Rekha H Udani, Ruchi Nanavati, Nanda Kishor Kabra

Abstract


Introduction: Low birth weight infants (LBWI) constitute a worldwide problem with high neonatal and infant mortality and morbidity. Millions of newborn death could be avoided if more resources were invested in proven, low cost interventions designed to address newborn’s needs. Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) is one such low cost and proven method of care of low birth weight babies but has not yet been widely used in India. In this method the infant is placed between mother’s breasts in direct skin-to-skin contact, gives exclusive breast feeding and are discharged home early.  It is particularly useful for care of stable LBW infants below 2000g. Objective: This cohort follow-up study was undertaken and had proved the beneficial effects of KMC to the LBW babies to study “Growth and neuromotor, neurosensory and psychomotor development in KMC NICU graduate. Methods: 24 hours KMC was offered to all babies included in the study and their Growth, neuromotor, neurosensory and psychomotor development was followed up up to 1 year of age. Results: KMC reduced mortality, improved breast feeding rates; KMC for 24 hours was possible with regular intensive counseling of mothers and other family members, The early discharge policy for low birth weight babies was possible and beneficial to achieve intrauterine growth accretion through regular follow up and monitoring of babies. Conclusion: In low resources setting in developing world like India KMC- reduces mortality, improves breast feeding rate & help in early discharge of low birth weight babies.

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References


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