Prevalence of psychiatric problems in school going adolescents (10-19 years)

Chhavi Jaiswal, J.K. Gupta, G.S. Chaudhery

Abstract


Background: The period of adolescence is of immense importance in life of an individual. Adolescents are exceedingly vulnerable to psychiatric disorders. This study intended to explore prevalence and decoration of psychiatric problem in adolescents. Aims and Objective: The objective of this research was to study encumbrance and nature of psychiatric problems in school going adolescents in defined geographical area and their psychological correlates. Material & Method: A school based cross sectional study was conducted in month of July-August, 2018 in north India. In this study 1025 students in age group of 10-19 years from ten schools of north India participated. Screening was done by childhood psychopathological measurement schedule (CPMS) followed by detailed evaluation by ICD-10 criteria. Statistical analysis was done by chi-square test and percentage. Result: CPMS score ≥10 were observed in 289 (28.2%) students, with more common in mid adolescence and lower socioeconomic strata, working mother, single parents. Prevalence of psychiatric problems in adolescents according to ICD-10 criteria was found to be 20.8%. Conclusion: The alarming numbers of our adolescents suffer from psychiatric problems. There is need to raise public awareness about the prevalence of these often-hidden psychopathy in Indian adolescents

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmad A, Khalique N, Khan Z, Amir A. Prevalence of psychosocial problems among school going male adolescents. Indian J Comm Med. 2007 ;32(3):219. doi:10.4103/0970-0218.06836

Kaur S, Thapar SK, Shandilya V. The Prevalence of Psychiatric morbidity among school children. Int J Med Dent Sci. 2015;4(2):834-841.

Deivasigamani TR. Psychiatric morbidity in primary school children-an epidemiological study. Indian J Psych. 1990;32(3):235.

Gaur DR, Vohra AK, Subash S, Khurana H. Prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among 6 to 14 years old children. Indian J Comm Med. 2003;28(03):133-137.

Hackett R, Hackett L, Bhakta P, Gowers S. The prevalence and associations of psychiatric disorder in children in Kerala, South India. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines. 1999;40(5):801-7.

Lal N, Sethi BB. Estimate of mental ill health in children of an urban community. Indian J Pediatr. 1977;44(350):55-64. doi:10.1007/bf02753627

Bansal PD, Barman R. Psychopathology of school going children in the age group of 10-15 years. Int J Appl Basic Med Res. 2011;1(1):43-7. doi: 10.4103/2229-516X.81980.

Kim-Cohen J, Caspi A, Moffitt TE, Harrington H, Milne BJ, Poulton R. Prior juvenile diagnoses in adults with mental disorder: developmental follow-back of a prospective-longitudinal cohort. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2003;60(7):709-17. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.60.7.709

Costello EJ, Foley DL, Angold A. 10-year research update review: the epidemiology of child and adolescent psychiatric disorders: II. Developmental epidemiology. J Am Acad Child & Adoles Psych. 2006;45(1):8-25.doi: https://doi.org/10.1097/01.chi.0000184929.41423.c0

Malhotra S, Varma VK, Verma SK, Malhotra A. Childhood psychopathology meausrement schedule: development and standardization. Indian J Psych. 1988;30(4):325.

Rahi M, Kumavat AP, Garg S, Singh M. Socio-demographic correlates of psychiatric disorders. Indian J Pediatr. 2005;729(5):395–398. doi:http://doi.org/10.1007/BF02731734

Giel R, de Arango MV, Climent CE, Harding TW, Ibrahim HH, Ladrido-Ignacio L, et al. Childhood mental disorders in primary health care: results of observations in four developing countries. A report from the WHO collaborative Study on Strategies for Extending Mental Health Care. Pediatrics. 1981;68(5):677-83.

Indian Council of Medical Research. Epidemiological study of child and adolescent psychiatric disorders in urban and ruralareas. ICMR Bull. 2001;3:54–5.

Srinath S, Girimaji SC, Gururaj G, Seshadri S, Subbakrishna DK, Bhola P, et al. Epidemiological study of child & adolescent psychiatric disorders in urban & rural areas of Bangalore, India. Indian J Med Res. 2005;122(1):67-79.

Chhabra GS, Sodhi MK. Factors contributing to psycho-social Ill-health in male adolescents. Online J Health Allied Sci. 2011;10(3):1-4.

Malhotra S, Kohli A, Arun P. Prevalence of psychiatric disorders in school children in India. Indian J Med Res. 2002;116:21–28.

Offord DR, Boyle MH, Szatmari P, Rae-Grant NI, Links PS, Cadman DT, Byles JA, Crawford JW, Blum HM, Byrne C, Thomas H. Ontario Child Health Study: II. Six-month prevalence of disorder and rates of service utilization. Arch Gen Psych. 1987;44(9):832-6.

Weyerer S, Castell R, Biener A, Artner K, Dilling H. Prevalence and treatment of psychiatric disorders in 3 to 14-year-old children: results of a representative field study in the small town rural region of Traunstein, upper Bavaria. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1988;77(3):290-6.doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0447.1988.tb05123.x

Steinhausen HC, Metzke CW, Meier M, Kannenberg R. Prevalence of child and adolescent disorders: The Zurich Epidemiological Study. ActaPsychiatrScand.1998;98:262–271. doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0447.1998.tb10082.x

United States Department of Health and Human Services. Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General. Rockville, MD, United States Department of health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration, Centre for Mental Health Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Mental Health. 1999

Banerjee T. Psychiatric morbidity among rural primary school children in West Bengal. Indian J Psych.1997;39(2):130-135.

Verghese A, Beig A. Psychiatric disturbance in children-an epidemiological study. Indian J Med Res. 1974;62(10):1538-42.

Shenoy J, Kapur M. Prevalence of scholastic backwardness among five to eight year old children. Indian J Psych. 1996;38(4):201-7.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.