Maternal and foetal benefits in breast-fed and bottle-fed babies

Ankur Singhai, Arpit Porwal


Background: It is important to ensure the optimal growth and development of children so that they can effectively contribute towards progress of the nation. Children in their early life are completely dependent for their nutritional requirements on their person both in terms of quantity and quality. This, in term, is influenced by the customs, traditions and beliefs as well as socioeconomics and education status of their parents. Aim: To study the feeding practice and the factors associated with the feeding practice and to compare the health, nutritional status and other benefits of the babies between various groups. To utilize the conclusions derived in future planning and nationwide activities. Materials and Methods: A prospective study was undertaken with 300 breast- and bottle-fed babies and their mothers. They were selected for this study from our OPD using Multistage Stratified Random Sampling Techniques. Keeping the Objectives and natures of the study in view, the ‘Descriptive Survey’ method of research has been adopted. Results: Out of the 243 babies, majority (46.91%) were suffered from diarrhea, followed by 38.68% from fever and (6.59%) were suffered from jaundice. Out of the 105, (57.14%) were suffered from fever, followed by 22.86% for diarrhea. Similar pattern regarding duration of disease were observed among the breast- and bottle-fed babies. The mean duration of illness was 7.18 days which was more in bottle fed babies (7.58 days) as compared to breast fed babies (6.75 days). Conclusion: Breast feeding can save families as much as Rs. 2500 per months formula costs. Breast feeding can save families even more money by reducing medical costs. For healthier mothers and babies. Experts also agree that breast feeding holds many other benefits for both the mother and infant.

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