The knowledge and attitude of father in breastfeeding: a questionnaire-based study

Santosh Srinivasiah, Geetha M., Kiran B


Introduction: The father’s support is most fundamental influence in the breastfeeding process, but attitude and knowledge of men towards breastfeeding has not been given due importance and been rarely explored and studied. Aim: This study aims at evaluating the knowledge and attitude of fathers of neonates about breastfeeding. Materials and methods: Using questionnaire approach a prospective cohort study was undertaken over a period of three months from April 2019 to June 2019 in our medical college hospital. Fathers of 104 neonates born consecutively in our tertiary care centre have been included in the study. Results: A total of 104 fathers were included in the study (n=104). The average of the fathers interviewed was 28.8 years. Most were literate, having completed high school. All fathers agreed that breast feeding is essential. Only 40% felt exclusive breastfeeding to be given. 92 out of 104 (90%) agreed breast feeding is a cheaper option than formula feeds. Surprisingly, only 12 out of 104 (11%) reported any difficulty in breast feeding. Only about 30% had attended antenatal counselling regarding breast feeding though nearly 70% felt fathers have a supporting role in breast feeding.  Less than 10% father’s felt they have no role in breast feeding. Conclusion: We conclude that attitude of father plays a major role in making breastfeeding exclusive. Hence knowledge of breastfeeding should be given to fathers as well in antenatal period.

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