A Case of Post-infectious Disseminated large sized multiple Pneumatoceles secondary to Staphylococcal sepsis

Rabindran chandran, Hemant Parakh


Pulmonary pneumatoceles are thin-walled, air-filled cysts that develop within the lung parenchyma. A 2 month old baby girl was admitted with Staphylococcal skin infection of the right arm. Incision & drainage with Fasciotomy was done. On day 4 of admission, baby had progressive respiratory distress. Initial X-ray was suggestive of pneumothorax. Blood culture yielded methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus. In view of clinical worsening inspite of antibiotic cover, CT scan was done which revealed multiple pneumatocele with bilateral lung cysts. This report emphasizes the importance of considering postinfectious pneumatoceles in the differential diagnosis in children with progressive respiratory distress with acute deterioration.

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