Comparison of serum calcium and magnesium between pre-eclampsia and normotensive pregnant women:a prospective study

Shanti Sah, Jai Kishan Goel


Background: A large percentage of maternal mortality is related to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. The etiology of preeclampsia is uncertain with imbalance between vasoconstrictor and vasodilators leading to vasospasm and endothelial dysfunction. Magnesium and Calcium plays a role in vascular smooth muscle contraction and thus regulating blood pressure. Aim: We compared the serum level of Calcium and Magnesium of preeclamptic women with normotensive women at SRMS-IMS, Bareilly. Method: 30 preeclamptic patient between 18-35 years with BP>140/90mmHg and gestation age >30 weeks were selected. Blood sample were taken for serum calcium and magnesium level and the results were compared with 20 normotensives pregnant. Result: Mean serum Calcium and Magnesium level in preeclamptic woman was 9.00± 0.47 and 1.90±0.31 mg/dl, respectively. Mean serum Calcium and Magnesium in normal pregnant woman was 9.12±0.37 and 1.92±0.23mg/dl, respectively. There was statistically no significant difference with p value of 0.34 and 1.00, respectively. Conclusion: Serum Calcium and Magnesiumlevelwere observed to be same in preeclamptic and normotensive pregnant women.

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