Cover Image

A study of assess the prevalence of dry eye and its associated risk factors in a tertiary care hospital

Ram Krishna Saxena


Introduction: Dry eye is a major tear deficiency disorder which affects millions of people worldwide. Dry eye refers to disorders of the tear film due to reduced tear production and/or excessive tear evaporation associated with symptoms of ocular discomfort. Material and Methods: This was a descriptive, cross sectional study carried out at Ophthalmology out-patient department (OPD) of G.C.R.G Institute of medical sciences BKT Lucknow U.P. from December 2016 to March 2018. Results: In our study, among all the associated risk factors majority of the patients 58 (58%) had dry eyes due to other causes which includes pterygium, conjunctivitis, blepharitis, vitamin A deficiency and senile. 17 (17%) patients were found with allergy& keratitis was found in 12(12%) patients. Conclusion: Proper counseling of the patients regarding the chronic nature disease with long term treatment and preventive measures are necessary to relieve ocular discomfort and ensure patient satisfaction with a better quality of life.

Full Text:



Goto E, Yagi Y, Matsumoto Y, Tsubota K. Impaired functional visual acuity of dry eye patients. Am J Ophthalmol. 2002 Feb;133(2):181-6.

De Haas EB. The Pathogenesis of Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca. Ophthalmologica. 1964; 147:1-18.

Gayton JL. Etiology, prevalence, and treatment of dry eye disease. Clin Ophthalmol. 2009;3:405-12. Epub 2009 Jul 14.

The epidemiology of dry eye disease: report of the Epidemiology Subcommittee of the International Dry Eye Work Shop (2007). Ocul Surf. 2007 Apr;5(2):93-107.

McCarty CA, Bansal AK, Livingston PM, et al. The epidemiology of dry eye in Melbourne, Australia. Ophthalmology. 1998 Jun; 105 (6): 1114-9. DOI:10. 1016/S0161 - 6420(98)96016-X

Lin PY, Tsai SY, Cheng CY, et al. Prevalence of dry eye among an elderly Chinese population in Taiwan: the Shihpai Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2003 Jun; 110 (6): 1096-101. doi: 10.1016 / S0161 – 6420 (03) 00262-8

Gupta N, Prasad I, Jain R, D'Souza P. Estimating the prevalence of dry eye among Indian patients attending a tertiary ophthalmology clinic. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2010 Apr; 104(3):247-55. doi: 10.1179/ 136485910X12647085215859.

Basak SK, Pal PP, Basak S, et al. Prevalence of dry eye diseases in hospital-based population in West Bengal, Eastern India. J Indian Med Assoc. 2012 Nov;110(11):789-94.

Rege A, Kulkarni V, Puthran N, Khandgave T. A Clinical Study of Subtype-based Prevalence of Dry Eye. J Clin Diagn Res. 2013 Oct;7(10):2207-10.doi: 10.7860/JCDR/2013/6089.3472. Epub 2013 Oct 5.

Hikichi T, Yoshida A, Fukui Y, et al. Prevalence of dry eye in Japanese eye centers. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 1995 Sep;233(9):555-8.

Anuj Kumar Pathak, M. Deepak Lakra, Rajiv Kumar Gupta. Study to assess dry eye among patients of a tertiary care hospital in Jharkhand. International Journal of Contemporary Medical Research 2017;4(9):1861-1864.

Basak SK, Pal PP, Basak S, et al. Prevalence of dry eye diseases in hospital-based population in West Bengal, Eastern India. J Indian Med Assoc. 2012 Nov;110(11):789-94.

Bhutia KL, Lomi N. A hospital-based study to estimate the proportion of dry eye cases among patients attending the Tertiary Care Hospital, Gangtok, Sikkim. Sudanese J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2016;8:42-5.

Shah S, Jani H. Prevalence and associated factors of dry eye: Our experience in patients above 40 years of age at a Tertiary Care Center. Oman J Ophthalmol. 2015 Sep-Dec;8(3):151-6. doi: 10.4103 /0974 -620X.169910.

Shaheerah G, Adil S J, Muhammad F F. Frequency and Risk Factors of Symptomatic Dry Eye Disease at Tertiary Care Eye Hospital, Karachi. Biostat Biometrics Open Acc J. 2018; 4(3): 1-5.


  • There are currently no refbacks.