Bacterial profile and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of asymptomatic urinary tract infections among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at tertiary care hospital in central India

Namrata Pawar, Kalpana Sadawarte, Tukaram Prabhu K.

Abstract


Introduction: It is estimated that 2 to 10% of pregnant woman suffer from any form of urinary tract infections. These infections complicate up to 20% ofpregnancies and are responsible for the majority of ante-partum admissions to the maternal-fetal medicine units. Material and methods: It was a cross sectional study conducted in the Department of Microbiology, Peoples College of Medical Sciences & Research Center, Bhopal (M.P) during period of July 2015 to March 2016. A total of 210 pregnant women having asymptomatic bacteriuria during the period of July2015 to March 2016 attending antenatal clinic were included (all trimester) in this study. Results: Women in age group 21-30years showed the highest incidence of asymptomatic bacteriuria (70.58%), incidence of asymptomatic bacteriuria was generally high throughout pregnancy, but relatively highest during the second trimester. Escherichia coli was the most common 9 (52.94%) followed by Staphylococcus aureus 4 (23.52%), Klebisella pneumonia 2(11.76%) among the isolates. E.coli was found to be sensitive to cefepime and norfloxacin followed by ceftazidime ceftriaxone amoxicillin + clavulanic acid, nitrofurantoin, gentamycin and amikacin. Conclusion: This study revealed 8.09% prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria among pregnant women. This is of concern because UTI in pregnancy may have serious consequences for both the mother and the child.

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References


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